Toyen, Surrealist artist who shunned a gendered identity and managed to become one of the top Czech artists of the 1920s.
From artistic, political and personal point of views, she was one of the most independent creative artists in the last century. Toyen rejected her name (Marie Cerminova) and chose to pursue her career as an artist under an assumed name - a mysterious name without a gender. She broke all links to her family in favour of several friends who were “bound by choice”. Toyen protested against bourgeois tendencies and endorsed the anarchist movement. She disclaimed any suggestion that she play a traditional woman’s role by leading an independent way of life and, on the other hand, displaying no compromise for the quality of her work.
Here’s a great essay on Toyen’s origins and eventual independent artistic style.